Kamis, 08 Maret 2012

DR. IHSAN ILAHI DZAHIR (1945 - 1987 M)


Dari ketika masih di pesantren saya sudah membaca buku terjemahan Dr. Ihsan Ilahi Dzahir yang berjudul “Sunni VS Syiah”, ketika saya telusuri karya-karya beliau, memang beliau banyak melakukan penelitian tentang firqoh-firqoh yaitu Syiah, Ahli Sufi, Ahmadiyah, Bahaiyah dan lain-lain. Karya beliau tentang Kritikan terhadap Tasawuf di antaranya “Dirasat Fi At tasawuf”. 

Karya-karya beliau banyak di terjemahkan ke dalam bahasa Indonesia, khususnya untuk mengkritik kelompok Syiah, Ahmadiyah dan juga kelompok Sufi. Namun saya penasaran dengan Biografi lengkap beliau, karena dalam buku-bukunya jarang di cantumkan biografi beliau secara lengkap. Dalam media online baru ditemukan biografi beliau yang ditulis dalam Bahasa Inggris lewat situs Wikipedia

Ehsaan Elahi Zaheer (Urduاحسان الہی ظہیر) was a religious scholar and leader of the Ahle Hadith Islamic movement.[1] He was born on 31 May 1945 in Sialkot, Pakistan and died from an assassin's bomb blast on 30 March 1987.[2]


Early life and education
Zaheer was born on 31 May 1945 (corresponding to 18 Jumaada al-Oolaa 1364 AH) on a Thursday. He studied in Jaamia Islaamiyyah Gujranwala and Jaamia Salafiyyah Faisalabad.[2] He then started teaching and giving weekly khutbahs up until he left for Saudi Arabia. He studied at the prestigious Islamic University of Madinah and graduated from the department of Sharia. He returned to his country and pursued further education and received degree classifications of M.A.s in Arabic, Islamic Studies, Urdu and Persian.

Teachers
He was taught by some of the major scholars of his century which include:
§  Imam Abdul Azeez Ibn Baaz
§  Shaykh Muhammad Ameen Shanqeetee
§  Shaykh Abdul-Muhsin al-Abbaad
§  Shaykh Abdul-Qaadir Haybatul-Hamd
§  Shaykh Atiyyah Muhammad Saalim
§  Shaykh-ul-Hadeeth Haafidh Muhammad Ghondalwee
§  Shaykh-ul-Hadeeth Abul-Barkaat Ahmad
§  Al-Muhaddith al-Allaamah Naasir-ud-Deen al-Albaanee

Religious works
Zahir was in charge of the weekly editorial Ahle-Hadeeth. Competing religious groups[who?] accused him of murder, and he was jailed for a time.[clarification needed] Then he began to give the weekly khutbahs in the large central mosque in Lahore called Cheenyawaalee, people far and wide would come to listen to him. Then he established his own editorial called Tarjumaan al-Hadeeth (Translator of Hadith). He was engaged in da'wah (missionary) efforts around the world and traveled to Saudi Arabia, Belgium, Holland, Sweden, Denmark, Spain, Italy, France, Germany, England, Yugoslavia, Ghana, Nigeria, Kenya, Korea, Japan, Philippines, Hong Kong, Thailand, America, China, Egypt, Yemen, Iraaq and Afghanistan to deliver lectures.
His works include books on the Shia religion and a book on the BarelvisAhmadiyya and two books on Sufism and many more. They are: al-Qaadiyaaniyyah, ash- Shee'ah Was-Sunnah, ash-Shee'ah Wa-Ahlul-Bayt, ash-Shee'ah Wal-Qur'an, which has over 12,000 narrations of the Shia, ash-Shee'ah wat-Tashee'ahBaynash-Shee'ah Wa Ahlus-Sunnah, and many more on them. A refutation book onBábism and Bahaism, a refutation of this sect, at-Tassawuff al-Manshaa Wal-Masaadir, a refutation of the Sufis and some more, al-Ismaa'eeliyyah, a refutation of Ismailismal-Bareilwiyyah, a refutation of the Barelvi, a checking of Kitaab al-Waseelah of Shaykh-ul-Islaam Ibn TaymiyyahKitaab us-SalaahSaffar HijaazSaqoot Dhaka and many more.
Zahir also wrote on the Christian, Jews and the Hindus, as well as on the Deobandi Hanafis, although he did write a brief refutation of them before he died. During his final year in Medina University Imam Abdul Aziz Ibn Baaz asked him to deliver lectures on the Ahmadiyya, this is a very rare achievement. Then the book was printed from Medina but the Zahir wished to include in the book "Graduate of Medina University", before he actually graduated. So he asked Imam Ibn Baaz, who was the chancellor at the time and he agreed to it. So Zahir asked Imam Ibn Baaz, "What if I fail my degree?" Imam Ibn Baaz answered, "I will close the University."

Published works
He authored many famous works, amongst which are:
§  Al-Qadiyaniyyah القادیانیہ
§  Ash-Shia Was-Sunnah الشیعہ و السنہ
§  Ash-Shia Wa-Ahlul-Bayt الشیعہ و اہل بیت
§  Ash-Shia Wal-Qur'an الشیعہ و القرآن (which includes over 12,000 narrations of the Shia)
§  Ash-Shia wat-TaShia (refutation)
§  Baynash-Shia Wa Ahlus-Sunnah (refutation)
§  Babiyyahs (refutation)
§  Al-Baha'iyyah (refutation)
§  At-Tassawuf al-Mansha Wal-Masadir (refutation of the Sufis)
§  Al-Ismaa'eeliyyah (refutation)
§  Al-Barailwiyyah (refutation)
§  A explanation of Kitaab al-Wasilah by Shaikh-ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah
§  Kitab us-Salah
§  Saffar Hijaaz[3]
He also left behind a great number of inspirational speeches

Death
Zahir died on 30 March 1987, shortly after returning to Riyaadh, as a result of a bomb blast on the 23rd of March 1987 in Lahore whilst he was delivering a speech on the life of Mohammed.[4] Some believe Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan may have been behind the killing.[5] Imam Abdul Azeez Ibn Baaz led his funeral prayer in Riyaadh, and the secondary prayer in the Prophet's Mosque in Medina was attended by 30 million people. He is now buried in the graveyard of Baqi Al-Gharqad in Medina. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ehsan_Ilahi_Zahir - 09/03/2012

References
1.    ^ Roy, Olivier, The Failure of Political Islam, by Olivier Roy, translated by Carol Volk, Harvard University Press, 1994, p.118-9



































Dan sedikit penjelasan :
Syeikh Dr Ihsan Ilahi Zahi . Beliau bersama saudara kandungnya Dr Fadhl Ilahi merupakan anak murid sarjana hadis terkenal Syaikh Muhammad Nasiruddin al-Albani rahimahullah. Sesuatu yang sadis mengenai beliau ialah, beliau mati dibom ketika menghadiri satu seminar di Pakistan. Dilaporkan 18 orang ilmuwan yang hadir dalam majlis itu terbunuh angkara puak Syiah yang merasa terancam dengan dakwah ahli hadis. Beliau menerima penghormatan dari Syaikh Abdul Aziz bin Baz yang sudi mengimamkan solat jenazahnya.
Dari Buku berjudul : Biografi Ulama Sunnah India
Penulis : Muhammad Abdullah Suradi (tamanulama.blogspot.com)
Penerbit : Jahabersa, Johor Bharu (2011)
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